Beliefs about Beliefs about Gender (New Working Paper)

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We develop a methodological framework for eliciting beliefs (first-order) and beliefs about beliefs (second-order) about the differences in measurable characteristics between two populations. We implement this procedure to study beliefs about the performance of men and women on math and abstract bargaining tasks. We find no evidence of differences in either men’s and women’s first-order beliefs or in their second-order beliefs; however, participants believe that men’s and women’s first-order beliefs differ.

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